Soft Skills and Cooperation

Please report broken links to us. Paid resources are noted with **. Note: all research should be looked at through a critical lens, there is no denying that many research studies fail to be replicated or have mixed results.


Mindsets That Promote Resilience: When Students Believe That Personal Characteristics Can Be Developed. Dweck, Carol & Yeager, David Scott. Educational Psychologist. 2012.

  • A basis for “growth mindset” - a review of research studies showcasing how students who believe that intellectual abilities can be developed (rather than fixed) have higher achievement rates.

Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals. Duckworth, Angela et al. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2007. 

  • Research shows how grit is a general indicator of success. Notably, however, is that grit is defined as a individual's perseverance and a passion for a long-term goal.

Deep, Deep, Deep Inside We're All Friends. McGraw, Sheila. Rhode Island College. 2012.

  • A study that involves a group of 2nd grade girls and how schools interact with their relationship building. Suggestions are made to make learning more collaborative, with more authentic time given to developing relationships.

Academic Co-creative Inquiry: Creating Inclusive Processes for Learning**. Napan, Ksenija. Massey University. 2010.

  • An outline of cooperative inquiry to engage in the human condition. A study was performed which showcased high engagement, positive feedback, a high standard of assessment, and increased collaboration.


Making Cooperative Learning Work. Johnson, David. Johnson, Roger. Theory into Practice. 1999.

  • Discusses implementation of cooperative learning, which is shown to have greater outcomes in student achievement than competitive learning.

Community in the Classroom: An Approach to Curriculum and Instruction as a Means for the Development of Student Cognitive, Social and Emotional Engagement in a High School Classroom. Jones, Tammy. University of Hawai'i. 2012. 

  • A detailed analysis of how relationship building - specifically a focus on social and emotional engagement - led to drastically increased academic performance.

Is Competition Ever Appropriate in a Cooperative Classroom? Kohn, Alfie. Cooperative Learning Magazine. 1993.

  • A case is made that students should never be put in a competitive environment in schools.

Creative Inquiry: From Instrumental Knowing to Love of Knowledge. Montuori, Alfonso. In Light of Knowledge. 1998.

  • An outline of the practice “social creativity” which runs counter to the traditional “drill and kill” mantra found in schools. Montouri comments on “tools that kill” creativity in schools.

Creativity as a Habit. Sternberg, Robert. Education Week. 2007.

  • An argument against "teaching to the test" and instead promoting practice that focus on creativity.